# Pompeiu's theorem

Pompeiu's theorem Pompeiu's theorem is a result of plane geometry, discovered by the Romanian mathematician Dimitrie Pompeiu. The theorem is simple, but not classical. It states the following: Given an equilateral triangle ABC in the plane, and a point P in the plane of the triangle ABC, the lengths PA, PB, and PC form the sides of a (maybe, degenerate) triangle.[1][2] Proof of Pompeiu's theorem with Pompeiu triangle {displaystyle triangle PCP'} The proof is quick. Consider a rotation of 60° about the point B. Assume A maps to C, and P maps to P '. Then {displaystyle scriptstyle PB = P'B} , and {displaystyle scriptstyle angle PBP' = 60^{circ }} . Hence triangle PBP ' is equilateral and {displaystyle scriptstyle PP' = PB} . Then {displaystyle scriptstyle PA = P'C} . Thus, triangle PCP ' has sides equal to PA, PB, and PC and the proof by construction is complete (see drawing).[1][2] Further investigations reveal that if P is not in the interior of the triangle, but rather on the circumcircle, then PA, PB, PC form a degenerate triangle, with the largest being equal to the sum of the others, this observation is also known as Van Schooten's theorem.[1] Pompeiu published the theorem in 1936, however August Ferdinand Möbius had published a more general theorem about four points in the Euclidean plane already in 1852. In this paper Möbius also derived the statement of Pompeiu's theorem explicitly as a special case of his more general theorem. For this reason the theorem is also known as the Möbius-Pompeiu theorem.[3] External links MathWorld's page on Pompeiu's Theorem Pompeiu's theorem at cut-the-knot.org Notes ^ Jump up to: a b c Jozsef Sandor: On the Geometry of Equilateral Triangles. Forum Geometricorum, Volume 5 (2005), pp. 107–117 ^ Jump up to: a b Titu Andreescu, Razvan Gelca: Mathematical Olympiad Challenges. Springer, 2008, ISBN 9780817646110, pp. 4-5 ^ D. MITRINOVIĆ, J. PEČARIĆ, J., V. VOLENEC: History, Variations and Generalizations of the Möbius-Neuberg theorem and the Möbius-Ponpeiu. Bulletin Mathématique De La Société Des Sciences Mathématiques De La République Socialiste De Roumanie, 31 (79), no. 1, 1987, pp. 25–38 (JSTOR) Categories: Elementary geometryTheorems about equilateral trianglesTheorems about triangles and circles

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