# No-broadcasting theorem

No-broadcasting theorem (Redirected from No-broadcast theorem) Jump to navigation Jump to search In physics, the no-broadcasting theorem is a result of quantum information theory. In the case of pure quantum states, it is a corollary of the no-cloning theorem. The no-cloning theorem for pure states says that it is impossible to create two copies of an unknown state given a single copy of the state. Since quantum states cannot be copied in general, they cannot be broadcast. Here, the word "broadcast" is used in the sense of conveying the state to two or more recipients. For multiple recipients to each receive the state, there must be, in some sense, a way of duplicating the state. The no-broadcast theorem generalizes the no-cloning theorem for mixed states.

The theorem[1] also includes a converse: if two quantum states do commute, there is a method for broadcasting them: they must have a common basis of eigenstates diagonalizing them simultaneously, and the map that clones every state of this basis is a legitimate quantum operation, requiring only physical resources independent of the input state to implement—a completely positive map. A corollary is that there is a physical process capable of broadcasting every state in some set of quantum states if, and only if, every pair of states in the set commutes. This broadcasting map, which works in the commuting case, produces an overall state in which the two copies are perfectly correlated in their eigenbasis.

Remarkably, the theorem does not hold if more than one copy of the initial state is provided: for example, broadcasting six copies starting from four copies of the original state is allowed, even if the states are drawn from a non-commuting set. The purity of the state can even be increased in the process, a phenomenon known as superbroadcasting.[2] Contents 1 Generalized No-Broadcast Theorem 2 No-Local-Broadcasting Theorem 3 See also 4 References Generalized No-Broadcast Theorem The generalized quantum no-broadcasting theorem, originally proven by Barnum, Caves, Fuchs, Jozsa and Schumacher for mixed states of finite-dimensional quantum systems,[3] says that given a pair of quantum states which do not commute, there is no method capable of taking a single copy of either state and succeeding, no matter which state was supplied and without incorporating knowledge of which state has been supplied, in producing a state such that one part of it is the same as the original state and the other part is also the same as the original state. That is, given an initial unknown state {displaystyle rho _{i},} drawn from the set {displaystyle {rho _{i}}_{iin {1,2}}} such that {displaystyle [rho _{1},rho _{2}]neq 0} , there is no process (using physical means independent of those used to select the state) guaranteed to create a state {displaystyle rho _{AB}} in a Hilbert space {displaystyle H_{A}otimes H_{B}} whose partial traces are {displaystyle operatorname {Tr} _{A}rho _{AB}=rho _{i}} and {displaystyle operatorname {Tr} _{B}rho _{AB}=rho _{i}} . Such a process was termed broadcasting in that paper.

No-Local-Broadcasting Theorem The second theorem states that local broadcasting is only possible when the state is a classical probability distribution.[4] This means that a state can only be broadcast locally if it does not have any quantum correlations.[5] Luo reconciled this theorem with the generalized no-broadcast theorem by making the conjecture that when a state is a classical-quantum state, correlations (rather than the state itself) in a bipartite state can be locally broadcast.[4] By mathematically proving that his conjecture and the two theorems all relate to and imply one another, Luo proved that all three statements are logically equivalent.[4] See also No-communication theorem No-hiding theorem[6] Quantum teleportation Quantum entanglement Quantum information Uncertainty principle References ^ Barnum, Howard; Caves, Carlton M.; Fuchs, Christopher A.; Jozsa, Richard; Schumacher, Benjamin (1996-04-08). "Noncommuting Mixed States Cannot Be Broadcast". Physical Review Letters. 76 (15): 2818–2821. arXiv:quant-ph/9511010. Bibcode:1996PhRvL..76.2818B. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.76.2818. ISSN 0031-9007. PMID 10060796. S2CID 11724387. ^ D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro; Macchiavello, Chiara; Perinotti, Paolo (2005-08-05). "Superbroadcasting of Mixed States". Physical Review Letters. 95 (6): 060503. arXiv:quant-ph/0506251. Bibcode:2005PhRvL..95f0503D. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.95.060503. ISSN 0031-9007. PMID 16090933. S2CID 2978617. ^ Barnum, Howard; Caves, Carlton M.; Fuchs, Christopher A.; Jozsa, Richard; Schumacher, Benjamin (1996-04-08). "Noncommuting Mixed States Cannot Be Broadcast". Physical Review Letters. 76 (15): 2818–2821. arXiv:quant-ph/9511010. Bibcode:1996PhRvL..76.2818B. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.76.2818. ISSN 0031-9007. PMID 10060796. S2CID 11724387. ^ Jump up to: a b c Luo, Shunlong (2010). "On Quantum No-Broadcasting". Letters in Mathematical Physics. 92 (2): 143–153. Bibcode:2010LMaPh..92..143L. doi:10.1007/s11005-010-0389-1. S2CID 121819242. Retrieved 2020-10-16. ^ Piani, Marco; Horodecki, Pawel; Horodecki, Ryszard (2008-03-06). "No-local-broadcasting theorem for quantum correlations". Physical Review Letters. 100 (9): 090502. arXiv:0707.0848. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.090502. ISSN 0031-9007. PMID 18352686. S2CID 42381925. ^ Quantum no-hiding theorem experimentally confirmed for first time. Mar 07, 2011 by Lisa Zyga. This quantum mechanics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

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