# L-balance theorem

L-balance theorem In mathematical finite group theory, the L-balance theorem was proved by Gorenstein & Walter (1975). The letter L stands for the layer of a group, und "balance" refers to the property discussed below.

Statement The L-balance theorem of Gorenstein and Walter states that if X is a finite group and T a 2-subgroup of X then {Anzeigestil L_{2'}(C_{X}(T))leq L_{2'}(X)} Here L2′(X) stands for the 2-layer of a group X, which is the product of all the 2-components of the group, the minimal subnormal subgroups of X mapping onto components of X/O(X).

A consequence is that if a and b are commuting involutions of a group G then {Anzeigestil L_{2'}(L_{2'}(C_{a})cap C_{b})=L_{2'}(L_{2'}(C_{b})cap C_{a})} This is the property called L-balance.

More generally similar results are true if the prime 2 is replaced by a prime p, and in this case the condition is called Lp-balance, but the proof of this requires the classification of finite simple groups (more precisely the Schreier conjecture).

References Gorenstein, D.; Walter, Johannes H. (1975), "Balance and generation in finite groups", Zeitschrift für Algebra, 33: 224–287, doi:10.1016/0021-8693(75)90123-4, ISSN 0021-8693, HERR 0357583 Kategorien: Theorems about finite groups

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