Cartan–Dieudonné theorem For other uses, see Cartan's theorem and Dieudonné's theorem.
In matematica, the Cartan–Dieudonné theorem, named after Élie Cartan and Jean Dieudonné, establishes that every orthogonal transformation in an n-dimensional symmetric bilinear space can be described as the composition of at most n reflections.
The notion of a symmetric bilinear space is a generalization of Euclidean space whose structure is defined by a symmetric bilinear form (which need not be positive definite, so is not necessarily an inner product – for instance, a pseudo-Euclidean space is also a symmetric bilinear space). The orthogonal transformations in the space are those automorphisms which preserve the value of the bilinear form between every pair of vectors; nello spazio euclideo, this corresponds to preserving distances and angles. These orthogonal transformations form a group under composition, called the orthogonal group.
Per esempio, in the two-dimensional Euclidean plane, every orthogonal transformation is either a reflection across a line through the origin or a rotation about the origin (which can be written as the composition of two reflections). Any arbitrary composition of such rotations and reflections can be rewritten as a composition of no more than 2 reflections. Allo stesso modo, in three-dimensional Euclidean space, every orthogonal transformation can be described as a single reflection, a rotation (2 reflections), or an improper rotation (3 reflections). In four dimensions, double rotations are added that represent 4 reflections.
Formal statement Let (V, b) be an n-dimensional, non-degenerate symmetric bilinear space over a field with characteristic not equal to 2. Quindi, every element of the orthogonal group O(V, b) is a composition of at most n reflections.
See also Indefinite orthogonal group Coordinate rotations and reflections References Gallier, Jean H. (2001). Geometric Methods and Applications. Testi in Matematica Applicata. vol. 38. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-95044-3. Zbl 1031.53001. Gallot, Sylvestre; Hulin, Domenico; Lafontaine, Giacomo (2004). Riemannian Geometry. Universitext. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-20493-8. Zbl 1068.53001. Garling, D. J. H. (2011). Clifford Algebras: Un introduzione. Testi degli studenti della London Mathematical Society. vol. 78. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-10742219-3. Zbl 1235.15025. Lam, T. Y. (2005). Introduction to quadratic forms over fields. Laurea Magistrale in Matematica. vol. 67. Provvidenza, RI: Società matematica americana. ISBN 0-8218-1095-2. Zbl 1068.11023. Questo articolo sull'algebra astratta è solo un abbozzo. Puoi aiutare Wikipedia espandendolo.
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