Blaschke selection theorem

Blaschke selection theorem The Blaschke selection theorem is a result in topology and convex geometry about sequences of convex sets. Specifically, given a sequence {displaystyle {K_{n}}} of convex sets contained in a bounded set, the theorem guarantees the existence of a subsequence {displaystyle {K_{n_{m}}}} and a convex set {displaystyle K} such that {displaystyle K_{n_{m}}} converges to {displaystyle K} in the Hausdorff metric. The theorem is named for Wilhelm Blaschke.

Contents 1 Alternate statements 2 Application 3 Notes 4 References Alternate statements A succinct statement of the theorem is that the metric space of convex bodies is locally compact. Using the Hausdorff metric on sets, every infinite collection of compact subsets of the unit ball has a limit point (and that limit point is itself a compact set). Application As an example of its use, the isoperimetric problem can be shown to have a solution.[1] That is, there exists a curve of fixed length that encloses the maximum area possible. Other problems likewise can be shown to have a solution: Lebesgue's universal covering problem for a convex universal cover of minimal size for the collection of all sets in the plane of unit diameter,[1] the maximum inclusion problem,[1] and the Moser's worm problem for a convex universal cover of minimal size for the collection of planar curves of unit length.[2] Notes ^ Jump up to: a b c Paul J. Kelly; Max L. Weiss (1979). Geometry and Convexity: A Study in Mathematical Methods. Wiley. pp. Section 6.4. ^ Wetzel, John E. (July 2005). "The Classical Worm Problem --- A Status Report". Geombinatorics. 15 (1): 34–42. References A. B. Ivanov (2001) [1994], "Blaschke selection theorem", Encyclopedia of Mathematics, EMS Press V. A. Zalgaller (2001) [1994], "Metric space of convex sets", Encyclopedia of Mathematics, EMS Press Kai-Seng Chou; Xi-Ping Zhu (2001). The Curve Shortening Problem. CRC Press. p. 45. ISBN 1-58488-213-1. Categories: Geometric topologyCompactness theorems

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