Birch's theorem

Birch's theorem In mathematics, Birch's theorem,[1] named for Bryan John Birch, is a statement about the representability of zero by odd degree forms.

Statement of Birch's theorem Let K be an algebraic number field, k, l and n be natural numbers, r1, ..., rk be odd natural numbers, and f1, ..., fk be homogeneous polynomials with coefficients in K of degrees r1, ..., rk respectively in n variables. Then there exists a number ψ(r1, ..., rk, l, K) such that if {displaystyle ngeq psi (r_{1},ldots ,r_{k},l,K)} then there exists an l-dimensional vector subspace V of Kn such that {displaystyle f_{1}(x)=cdots =f_{k}(x)=0{text{ for all }}xin V.} Remarks The proof of the theorem is by induction over the maximal degree of the forms f1, ..., fk. Essential to the proof is a special case, which can be proved by an application of the Hardy–Littlewood circle method, of the theorem which states that if n is sufficiently large and r is odd, then the equation {displaystyle c_{1}x_{1}^{r}+cdots +c_{n}x_{n}^{r}=0,quad c_{i}in mathbb {Z} , i=1,ldots ,n} has a solution in integers x1, ..., xn, not all of which are 0.

The restriction to odd r is necessary, since even degree forms, such as positive definite quadratic forms, may take the value 0 only at the origin.

References ^ Birch, B. J. (1957). "Homogeneous forms of odd degree in a large number of variables". Mathematika. 4: 102–105. doi:10.1112/S0025579300001145. Categories: Diophantine equationsAnalytic number theoryTheorems in number theory

Si quieres conocer otros artículos parecidos a Birch's theorem puedes visitar la categoría Analytic number theory.

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